|A COST LEADERSHIP STRATEGY is based on the enterprise's ability to control their operating costs so well that they are able to price their products or services very competitively and still generate high profit margins, thus having a significant competitive edge.
||A DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGY involves the offering of a product or service that is clearly unique when compared to alternatives. Uniqueness can take many forms such as brand image, technology, functionality, customer service, dealer networks and many others. It is likely that differentiation will involve a combination of two or more of these forms.
||A FOCUS STRATEGY may be the most sophisticated of the generic strategies, in that it is a more intense form of either the cost leadership or differentiation strategy. It is designed to address a focused segment of the marketplace, product form or cost management process and is usually employed when it isn't appropriate to attempt an across the board application of cost leadership or differentiation. It is based on the concept of serving a particular target in such an exceptional manner, that others cannot compete. Usually this means addressing a substantially smaller market segment than others in the industry, but because of minimal competition profit margins can be very high.|